Essay on animals also have feelings

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More striking yet, soon afterwards five other dolphins in her pod started to tailwalk, though the behaviour had no practical function and used up a lot of energy. Such behaviour is hard to understand without imagining a mind that can appreciate what it sees and which intends to mimic the actions of others (see the imitative dolphin). That in turn implies things about the brain. If you had to take a bet on things to be found in Billies brain, youd be well advised to put money on mirror neurons. Mirror neurons are nerve cells that fire when the sight of someone elses action triggers a matched response—they seem to be what makes yawning contagious. A lot of learning may require this way of linking perception to action—and it seems that, in people, so may some forms of empathy. Mirror neurons are important to scientists attempting to find the basis of the way the human mind works, or at least to find correlates of that working, in the anatomy of human brains. The fact that those anatomical correlates keep turning up in non-human brains, too, is one of the current reasons for seeing animals as also being things with minds.

Field observations can be dismissed as anecdotal. Running them for years or decades and on a large scale goes some way to guarding against that problem, but such studies are rare. Nevertheless, most scientists now feel they can say with confidence that some animals process information and express emotions in ways that are accompanied by conscious mental experience. They agree that animals, from rats and mice to parrots and humpback whales, have complex mental capacities; that a few species have attributes once thought to be unique to people, such as the ability to give objects names and use tools; and that a handful. No animals have all the attributes of human minds; but almost all the attributes of human minds are found in some animal or other. Consider Billie, a wild bottlenose dolphin which got injured in a lock at the age of five. She was taken to an aquarium in south Australia for medical treatment, during which she spent three weeks living with captive dolphins which had been taught various tricks. She herself, though, was never trained. After she was returned to the open sea local dolphin-watchers were struck to see her tailwalking—a move in which a dolphin stands up above the water by beating its flukes just below the surface, travelling slowly backwards in a vaguely michael Jackson manner. It was a trick referee that Billie seemed to have picked up simply by watching her erstwhile pool mates perform.

essay on animals also have feelings

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One could study an organisms inputs (such as food or the environment) or outputs (its behaviour). But the organism itself remained a black box: unobservable things such as emotions or thoughts were beyond the scope of objective inquiry. As one such behaviourist wrote in 1992, attributing conscious thought to animals should be strenuously make avoided in any serious attempt to understand their behaviour, since it is untestable and empty. By then, though, there was ever greater resistance to such strictures. In 1976 a professor at Rockefeller University in New York, donald Griffen, had taken the bull by the horns (leaving aside what the bull might have felt about this) in a book called The question of Animal Awareness. He argued that animals could indeed think and that their ability to do this could be subjected to proper scientific scrutiny. In the past 40 years a wide range of work both in the field and the lab has pushed the consensus away from strict behaviourism and towards that Darwin-friendly view. Progress has not been easy or quick; as the behaviourists warned, both sorts of evidence can be misleading. Laboratory tests can be rigorous, but are inevitably based on animals which may not behave as they do in the wild.

essay on animals also have feelings

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What, if anything, did the dolphins think? Charles Darwin thought the mental capacities of animals and people differed only in degree, not kind—a natural conclusion to reach when armed with the radical new belief that the one evolved from the other. His last great book, the Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals, examined joy, love and grief in birds, domestic animals and primates as well as in various human races. But Darwins attitude to animals—easily shared by people in everyday contact with dogs, horses, even mice—ran contrary to a long tradition in European thought which held that animals had no minds at all. This way of thinking stemmed from the argument of René descartes, a great 17th-century philosopher, that people were creatures of reason, linked to the mind of God, while animals were merely machines made of flesh—living robots which, in the words of Nicolas Malebranche, one. For much of the 20th century biology cleaved closer to descartes than to darwin. Students of animal behaviour did not rule out the possibility that animals had minds but thought the question almost irrelevant since it was impossible to answer.

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essay on animals also have feelings

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The x-axis should be labeled with the seven days of the week. Make a key identifying the different color bars. Analyze the data and Draw Conclusions I believe the data will show that the people taking care of the tulips while undergoing normal physical therapy will heal quicker than those people not taking care of tulips, and the hypothesis will be supported. However, if the data collected shows no significant difference in the condition golf of the people recovering from surgery, then the hypothesis has not been supported. The data should show that the people taking care of the plants have a quicker healing time because they have a better outlook on things. They feel a sense of accomplishment because they are able to take care of a plant.

The inner lives of animals are hard to study. But there is evidence that they may be a lot richer than science once thought. In 1992, at Tangalooma, off the coast of queensland, people began to throw fish into the water for the local wild dolphins to eat. In 1998, the dolphins began to feed the humans, throwing fish up onto the jetty for them. The humans thought they were having a bit of fun feeding the animals.

The test group and control group are to vary because the test group is allowed to have plants around them, while the other group must have no plants around them. The reason for this is comparing the test group results with those of someone who does not use a plant to heal. Carry out the Experiment and Collect the data during each daily visit a report is to be taken of how well the person is feeling. Make observations such as how much medication they are taking for pain, when they first started walking again, and how many steps they take. Also, find out what the persons physical therapist thinks about their recovery process.


The people should be writing this in their daily journal. At the end of the one week, the journal is collected and the data is taken from. The journal should say how the person is feeling, or if they think taking care of the tulip is affecting their healing process. Chart 1, Those people given no tulips Amount healed for day 1 Amount healed for day 2 Amount healed for day 3 Amount healed for day 4 Amount healed for day 5 Amount healed for day 6 Amount healed for day 7 Patient 1 Patient. Designate on color per person. On the y-axis, put different stages in the healing process, using the numbers one through ten. Ten is the best a person can be feeling, while one is the worst a person can feel.

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6) At the end of the one week, find out how their progress make was. Co llect the journal, but allow them to keep the tulips if they want. The experiment will end after one week so that everyone is given the same amount of time. The patient does not have to be completely healed at this time. 7) make a chart of diagram plotting each individuals progress. The test group hazlitt must not be allowed to have more plants than they were initially given. All people must have the same amount of visitors so that the experiment is not disrupted. If any of these people fail to follow directions, their results will be thrown out. The control group will not be given any tulips and will not be allowed to have any plants in their hospital rooms.

essay on animals also have feelings

4) Check to make sure that the five patients assigned plants are actually taking care of their plants. Also, make sure that everyone included in the experiment is also undergoing normal physical therapy, and all are given fire the same pain medication. 5) Track the progress of the people throughout the experiment. Visit each person once a day. Ask them how their progress has been or if they have been feeling better or worse than expected. At the daily visits make sure that they are taking care of their plants if they have them. Do this for one. At the end of the one week, the experiment will be over.

hip replacement, then they will heal quicker than the normal time it takes people recovering from hip replacements to heal. Design an Experiment 1) Choose ten people who are to undergo hip surgery. The people are to have the same operation. They are to be 67 year old females. 2) Place tulips around five of the patients hospital rooms after surgery for them to take care. Give the other five people no tulips. 3) have each patient keep a daily journal about their progress and how they feel the plants have affected. If they were not assigned plants, have them keep a journal solely on their progress.

If taking save care of plants is the reason for less healing time, then people should be able to cut hospital stays and bed rest time down by taking care of plants. An already known fact about plants is that they seem to appeal to everyones senses. In experiments by the American Horticultural Therapy Association, it was discovered that touching a plant can calm a person. This may result in people not feeling worried about their sickness or forgetting about what is troubling them. Also, plants have the ability to evoke pleasant memories. Studies have shown that patients are able to gather strength quicker and reduce depression by walking in a garden on a regular basis. Research also shows that handling plants can reduce blood pressure and feelings of stress. It is needed to find out if plants can help patients recover quicker than usual after hip surgery. After a surgery a person may feel depressed about the fact that they can no longer walk as they used to, but taking care of a plant may have the person feel a sense of accomplishment that might carry over to therapy.

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Research Paper, variable, the variable in this experiment is plants given to patients recovering from hip surgery. Five patients will be given tulips to take care of in their hospital room, tree while five patients will just undergo normal physical therapy for recovery. Control, all of the people in this experiment will be the same age and will be recovering from the same surgery. The patients will also be observed in a hospital setting and must stay in the hospital until they are healed. The people in this experiment will also be the same sex. The people given tulips will be compared against the people not given tulips. All are to undergo normal therapy during the experiment. Identify the Problem, the point of this experiment is to find out whether or not taking care of plants can quicken the healing rate of a recovering surgery patient.


essay on animals also have feelings
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  1. Some of this essay is excerpted from his book the Emotional lives of Animal: a leading Scientist Explores Animal joy, sorrow, and Empathy and Why They matter (2007, new World Library).

  2. Lexi—maybe you should read the essay before you post comments? This is a cycle, despite your feelings on companion animals, that should be acknowledged, especially from an environmental standpoint. Preux describes his feelings as he first caught a glimpse from the heights of the jura of the pays de vaud, which I had brought with me as a bon bouche to crown the evening with. Robert louis Stevenson s Classic Essay in Defense of Idleness.

  3. Buy best quality custom written Animal Experimentation essay. Those disputing the idea view it as a practice, which goes against the rights of animals that also have feelings of pain. The fact that those anatomical correlates keep turning up in non-human brains, too, is one of the current reasons for seeing animals as also being things with minds. The real question is whether animals have feelings which involve some sort of mental experience.

  4. Investigation Of Reproduction And development. Free: The harsh reality of Animal Cruelty in Slaughterhouses and Farm Factoriesand Societal Deny of the Truth. Considering your grades as one of the main things in your career. Animal Experimentation essay - law.

  5. Make sure your essay directly addresses the question - remember it is asking you about the methods. Furthermore, many have the opinion that animals are incapable of expressing feelings as humans. Pressure and feelings of stress.

  6. Get professional essay writing help at an affordable cost. Free example persuasive essay on, animal Experimentation: Throughout history, animal experimentation has played an important role in leading to new discoveries. This essay is adapted from one that appeared in bekoff s column Animal Emotions in Psychology today.with the claim that animals are similar to autistic savants.

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