Ramanujan's theoretical and aesthetic contributions span several disciplinary areas. Context-sensitivity is a theme that appears not only in mom Ramanujan's cultural essays, but also appears in his writing about Indian folklore and classic poetry. In "Where mirrors are windows (1989) and in "Three hundred Ramayanas" (1991 for example, he discusses the "intertextual" nature of Indian literature, written and oral. He says, "What is merely suggested in one poem may become central in a 'repetition' or an 'imitation'. 3 His essay "Where mirrors Are windows: Toward an Anthology of Reflections" (1989 and his commentaries in The Interior Landscape: love poems from a classical Tamil Anthology (1967) and Folktales from India, oral Tales from Twenty Indian Languages (1991) are good examples of his work. Rudyard Kipling was interested in folklore, dealing with English folklore in works such as Puck of pook's Hill and Rewards and fairies ; his experiences in India led him to also create similar works with Indian themes. Kipling spent a great deal of his life in India, and was familiar with the hindi language.
About three hundred traditional games both indoor and outdoor were commonly played and it was found that the traditional games contain mathematical knowledge (like counting, measurement, shapes and size, geometrical ideas and finally socialization through action). The traditional games are the best ways of teaching and learning. When these are applied in the primary schools, many teachers revealed that children know many games that the teachers have forgotten. Indoor board game like "Kasadi" ( a wooden board with 14 pits played with tamarind seed by two ormore than two girls in the domestic domain) was most popular resume and it is still not vanished from the society. Dr Mahendra kumar Mishra, a folklorist and an educator has collected these games and has documented in video sides other games in the domestic domain is the goat and the tiger and ganjifa. These were the forerunners of the card games of today. Ganjifa used to be circular painted stack of card like things which were played using certain rules. Indian folklorists edit The scientific study of Indian folklore was slow to begin: early collectors felt far freer to creatively reinterpret source material, and collected their material with a view to the picturesque rather than the representative.
Vivek rai and Dr k chinnapa gawda have conducted extensive field work and research on Siri Epic and have come out with three volumes on Siri epics. Peter j claus has done intensive work on Tulu epics. Aditya mallick on devnarayan epic, pulikonda subbachary on Jambupurana, dr jd smith on Pabuji epic are some of the commendable work that have been drawn attention of the wider readership. Cultural archetypes and icons edit Traditional games of India edit India has a long history of board games. You hear about these from the times of the mahabharata and the mughal empire. Some of the popular board games that originated from Indian Traditional games include Chess ( Chaturanga ludo ( Pachisi ) and Snakes and Ladders (Moksha-patamu). Recently, odisha, a state in eastern India, introduced a child-friendly programme called Srujan (creativity) in the primary schools. About 18 million children took part in four activities like story telling activities, traditional games, traditional art and craft and music and dance and riddles over a period of three years (20072010). The result is that while there are hundreds of varieties of folktales, the varieties of traditional games are limited.
Malayalam, alphabets words, kerala
Banjara epics are essay heroine-centric. These epics reflect the "sati" cult. Oral epics with heroic actions of heroes and heroines produce a "counter text as opposed to the written texts. Therefore, the younger brother mini becomes hero and kill his elder brother in an oral epic, which is forbidden in classical epics. Folk heroes are some times deified and are worshipped in the village. There is a thin difference of a mythic hero and romantic hero in Indian folklore.
In Kalahandi, oral epics are available among the ethnic singers, performed in ritual context and social context. Dr Mahendra mishra, a folklorist, has conducted research on oral epics in Kalahandi, taking seven ethnic groups. Chitrasen Pasayat has made an extensive study of different folk and tribal forms of Yatra, like dhanu yatra, kandhen-budhi yatra, chuda-khai yatra, sulia yatra, patkhanda yatra, budha-dangar yatra, khandabasa yatra, chhatar yatra, sital-sasthi yatra and examined the 'hero characters' of the local deities. Indian oral epics are found abundantly everywhere there are caste based culture. Lauri honko from Turku, finland with Prof.
Recently the national Folklore support Center in Chennai has taken the initiative to promote folklore in public domain and bridging the gap of academic domain and community domain. Indian folk heroes, villains, and tricksters edit Indian folk heroes like rama, krishna in Sanskrit epics and history and also in freedom movement are well known to every one. They have found a place in written literature. But in Indian cultural sub-system, Indian folk heroes are most popular. The castes and tribes of India have maintained their diversities of culture through their language and religion and customs.
So in addition to national heroes, regional heroes and local folk and tribal heroes are alive in the collective memory of the people. Let's take examples of the santhals or the gonds. The santhals have their culture heroes beer Kherwal and Bidu Chandan. Gonds have their folk hero Chital Singh Chhatti. Banjara folk hero is lakha banjara or Raja Isalu. But not only heroes, the heroines of Indian folklore have also significant contribution in shaping the culture of India.
Malayalam literature - wikipedia
Claus of American folklore. These two folklorists conducted their field work on Epic of Siri and led the Indian folklorists to the new folklore study. The central Institute of Indian Languages has played a major oliver role dark in promoting folklore studies in India to explore another reality of Indian culture. Recently scholars such as Chitrasen Pasayat,. Muthukumaraswamy, vivek rai, jawaharlal Handoo, birendranath Dutta,. Reddy, sadhana naithani,. Subachary, molly kaushal, Shyam Sundar Mahapatra, bhabagrahi mishra and many new folklorists have contributed in their respective field for shaping folklore study as a strong discipline in representing the people's memory and people's voice.
The ramayana and listhesis the mahabharata are the two greatest and most widely read epics of India. Other noteworthy collections of Indian traditional stories include the panchatantra, a collection of traditional narratives made by vishnu sarma in the second century. The hitopadesha of Narayana is a collection of anthropomorphic fabliaux, animal fables, in Sanskrit, compiled in the ninth century. Indian folklorists during the last thirty years have substantially contributed to the study of folklore. Devendra satyarthi, krishna dev upadyhayaya, prafulla dutta goswami, kunja bihari dash, Ashutosh Bhatacharya and many more senior folklorists have contributed for the study of folklore. But it is during the 1970s that some folklorists studied in us universities and trained up themselves with the modern theories and methods of folklore research and set a new trend of folklore study in India. Especially, south Indian universities advocated for folklore as a discipline in the universities and hundreds of scholars trained up on folklore. Ramanjuan was the noted folklorist to analyse folklore from Indian context. Study of folklore was strengthened by two stremas (sicsic one is Finnish folklorist lauri honko and another is Peter.
this art form. The culture of India has been broken down into five main geographical regions. Some famous folk and tribal arts of India include: Folktales of India edit see also: Birbal, bidpai, and List of Folktales of Chhattisgarh Thirayattam- (Karumakan Vallattu) India possesses a large body of heroic ballads and epic poetry preserved in oral tradition, both in Sanskrit and. One such oral epic, telling the story of Pabuji, has been collected. John Smith from Rajasthan ; it is a long poem in the rajasthani language, traditionally told by professional story tellers, known as Bhopas, who deliver it in front of a tapestry that depicts the characters of the story, and functions as a portable temple, accompanied. The title character was a historical figure, a rajput prince, who has been deified in Rajasthan. 1 Various performing arts such as Garba and Dandiya raas of Gujarat, sambalpuri dance of Odisha, chhau, alkap and Gambhira of West Bengal, bihu of Assam, ghoomar of Rajasthan and Haryana, bhangra and Gidda of Punjab, dhangar of goa, panthi of Chhattisgarh, kolattam of Andhra.
These sorts of movie local variation have a higher status in Hinduism than comparable customs would have in religions such. However, folklore as currently understood goes beyond religious or supernatural beliefs and practices, and compasses the entire body of social tradition whose chief vehicle of transmission is oral or outside institutional channels. Contents, folk art of India edit, the folk and tribal arts of India speak volumes about the country's rich heritage. 1, art forms in India have been exquisite and explicit. Folk art forms include various schools of art like the. Mughal School, rajasthani School, nakashi art, school etc. Each school has its distinct style of colour combinations or figures and its features.
Malayalam, essay, free, essays
The folklore of India compasses the folklore of the nation of, india and the, indian subcontinent. India is an ethnically and religiously diverse country. Given this diversity, it is difficult to generalize widely about the folklore of India as a unit. Although India. Hindu-majority country, with more than three-fourths of the population identifying themselves as Hindus, there is no single, unified, and all-pervading concept of identity present. It is because of the flexible nature of Hinduism which allows various heterogeneous traditions, numerous regional cultures and even different religions to grow and flourish. Folk religion in Hinduism may explain the rationale behind local religious restaurant practices, and contain local myths that explain the existence of local religious customs or the rituals.