For representing values- paper Money, bank note, cheque, ticket, etc. for communication- letters, etc For Packaging- corrugated box, paperbag, envelope, packing and wrapping paper, chart, wallpaper. For storing info.- book, notebook, magazine, newspaper, etc For Personal Use- diary, note to remind oneself,. For cleaning- toilet Papers, hankerchiefs, tissue papers, etc. For decoration:- paper Planes, quilling, paper Honeycomb, Origami, etc. For other uses:- emery paper, sand dubai paper, blotting paper, litmus paper, paper chromatography etc. Paper produced from raw material uses far more energy and water than if we recycle our unwanted paper by recycling your daily newspaper you will have saved more than your own body weight in paper within a year! Recycling used paper could save 41K trees and keep 6M tons of waste out of full landfills. Nearly half (42) of all global wood harvest is destined to become paper.
Production began in Baghdad, cairo, morocco then Muslim Spain. In general, muslims invented a method to make a thicker sheet of paper, which helped transform papermaking from an art into a major industry. papermaking was diffused across the Islamic world, from where it was diffused further west into europe. Modern paper making began in the early 19th century in Europe with the development of fourdrinier machine, fourdrinier machine, which produces a continuous roll of paper rather than individual sheets. Inventors of fourdrinier machine : Canadian inventor Charles Fenerty german inventor. Interesting Facts : These machines are considerably large, up gpa to 150 meters in length Produce up to 10 meters wide sheet, running around 100 km/h. Now a days, various chemical and mechanical processes are used to produce paper at lower cost and adapt techniques which will not harm the environment. Applications of Paper Paper can be produced with a wide variety of properties, depending on its intended use.
It is the process of making of paper, a material which is used universally today for writing and packaging. a dilute suspension of fibres in water is drained through a screen, so that a mat of randomly interwoven fibres is laid down water is removed from this mat of fibres by pressing and drying to make paper. most paper has been made from wood pulp because of cost but other methods are also used. papermaking is known to have been traced back to Egypt and China in China, about 105 ad, cai lun created a sheet of paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnets, old rags, and hemp waste. Ancient Egyptians used Papyrus tree. They used their leaves as paper and steam to write on those leaves. paper had been used in China for wrapping and padding since the 2nd century. Used as a writing medium became widespread by the 3rd century. In the 8th century, paper spread to the Islamic world, where machinery was designed for bulk manufacturing of paper.
Paper, airplanes national geographic
First form of expression by man. Originated in Memphis bearing writing in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs Use started in river plains of Mesopotamia where inscriptions are made on damp clay which when dried formed an indestructible temple archive. Originated in Egypt made from the aquatic plant papyrus Originated in China where bamboo strips are linked to make a bamboo books. Palm leaves provide the leaves of documents in parts of India. The earliest known Buddhist texts are on strips of birch bark. Use began in the region of Mediterranean. Vellum or parchment is a form of leather.
Until the 19th century, rags were the main ingredient of paper This make was the first substitute tried by the paper makers to make paper. It was then discovered in maine and Massachusetts in the 1860s that wood can be pulped and turned into paper. It is the fibrous matter that remains after sugarcane are crushed to extract their juice. 12.When the old Chinese invented paper they used this technique to make paper pulp and to loosen the fibers of the rags and the grass they used for making paper. It was the Arabs who introduced this method of making pulp, using human and animal power which replaced the traditional Chinese mortar and pestle, which in turn was later employed by the Chinese. After the spread of paper in Europe they mechanized this process using water powered paper mills.
Paper was invented in China, ad 105, by the Chinese eunuch cai lun. It was, thin, feted, formed, flat made in porous molds from macerated vegetable fiber. The technology of making paper moved from. China to japan and then to korea between ad 280 to ad 610 where it was commonly made from mulberry bark and Gampi. Later it was made from bamboo and rice straw.
After the defeat of the Chinese in the battle. Talas in 751 (present day kyrgyzstan the invention spread to the middle east. The legend goes, the secret of papermaking was obtained from two Chinese prisoners from the. Battle of Talas, which led to the first paper mill in the Islamic world being founded. The muslim conquest of Spain brought papermaking into europe. Both Spain and Italy claim to be the first to manufacture paper in Europe. Paper making as is more common to the european practice spread to the American continent first in Mexico by 1575 and then in Philadelphia by 1690.
The paperclip was, not, invented by johan vaaler
The first paper industry in the north hippie America writing was built in Philadelphia in 1690. Successfully reported this slideshow. Invention of paper, upcoming SlideShare, loading in 5, no downloads. No notes for slide. 1) History of Paper 2) evolution spread of paper 3) How Paper is made? (Ancient and Modern ways) 4) Applications of Paper 5) Interesting Facts about Paper 6) Future of Paper. Paper being made from Papyrus, papyrus Plant. Inventor, of paper, cAI.
However in 751. The t'ang army was defeated by the read Ottoman Turks at a mighty battle at the talas river. Some Chinese soldiers and paper makers were captured and brought to samarkand. The Arabs learned the paper making from the Chinese prisoners and built the first paper industry in Baghdad in 793. They, too, kept it a secret, and Europeans did not learn how to make paper until several centuries later. The Egyptians learned the paper making from the Arabs during the early 10th century. Paper arrived in Northern Africa and by 1150. It arrived to Spain as a result of the crusades and established the first paper industry in Europe. Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press.
years after Buddhism was introduced in Japan. Along the silk road, we learned that paper was introduced to xinjiang area very early according to the archaeological records. The paper found at kaochang, loulan, kusha, kotan, and Dunhuang sites dated as early as the 2nd. The technique eventaully reached Tibet around 650. And then to India after 645. By the time Hsuan Tsang from China arrived to India in 671. D., paper was already widely used there. For a long time the Chinese closely guarded the secret of paper manufacture and tried to eliminate other Oriental centers of production to ensure a monopoly.
An official history written some centuries later explained: In ancient times writing was generally on bamboo or on pieces of silk, which were then called. But silk being expensive and bamboo heavy, these twoich materials were not conveninet. Then Tsai lun thought of using tree bark, n hemp, rags, and fish nets. In 105 he made a report to the emperor on the process of paper wood making, and received high praise for his ability. From this time paper has been in use everywhere and is called the "paper of Marquis Tsai.". In few years, the Chinese began to use paper for writing. Woodblock printing was invented and by 740. D., The first printed newspaper was seen in China. To the east, papermaking moved to korea, where production of paper began as early as the 6th century.
Four Great Inventions of Ancient China
The history of Paper Paper making is one of the inventions by Chinese. Is often cited as the year in which papermaking was invented. In that year, historical records show that the invention of paper was reported to the eastern Han Emperor ho-di by Ts'ai lun, an official of the Imperial court. Recent essay archaeological investigations, however, place the actual invention of papermaking some 200 years earlier. Ts'ai lun broke the bark of a mulberry tree into fibres and pounded them into a sheet. Later it was discovered that the quality of paper could be much improved with the addition of rags hemp and old fish nets to the pulp. The paper was soon widely used in China and spread to the rest of world through the silk road.