The russians and Austrians forcibly resettled.6.8 million persons from the war zone in Poland. 97 According to michael Clodfelter, polish war dead were 1,080,000, whilst 200,000 Polish civilians were killed in the fighting on the eastern Front ; 870,000 men served world in the german, austrian and Russian armies. 16 Another estimate made by a russian historian in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century, put total Polish war dead at 640,000, including military losses of 270,000 Poles conscripted, civilian losses of 120,000 due to military operations and 250,000 caused. 98 The ethnic Polish Blue army served with the French Army. The ethnic Polish Legions fought as part of the austro-hungarian Army on the eastern Front. The territory of Transylvania was part of Austria-hungary during World War. The following estimates of Romanian deaths, within contemporary borders, during World War I were made by a russian historian in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century. Total dead: 748,000, including military losses of 220,000 with the romanian forces, 150,000 with the austro-hungarian forces and pow deaths in captivity of 48,000.
While 49,400 soldiers died serving in Irish divisions (the 10th, 16th and 36th although not all of the men serving in these divisions were natives of Ireland and many Irish who died in non-Irish regiments are not listed. 94 95 For example, 29 of the casualties in the 16th division were not natives of Ireland. 93 neither does it include Irish emigrants in Britain who enlisted there and are not categorised as Irish. Australia lists 4,731 of its first World War soldiers as having been born in Ireland and more than 19,000 Irish-born soldiers served in the canadian Corps. According to research done by john Horne of Trinity college dublin, there are at least 30,986 soldiers who were born in Ireland that died; however, that's considered a "conservative" estimate and is very likely to raise. 96 The losses of Portuguese mozambique were estimated by a russian historian Vadim shakespeare Erlikman in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century. 89 52,000 Poland was an annexed territory of Germany, austria-hungary and Russia, from 1795 to 1918. By late 1915, germany had complete control over modern-day poland. A 2005 Polish study estimated 3,376,800 Poles were conscripted into the armed forces of the occupying powers during World War i, an additional 300,000 were conscripted for forced labor by the germans.
Total dead 385,000: including military losses 270,000 with the austro-hungarian forces and pow deaths in captivity of 70,000. Civilian dead due to famine and disease were 45,000. 91 Ireland was a part of the uk during World War. Five-sixths of the island left to form the Irish Free state, now the republic of Ireland, in 1922. A total of 206,000 Irishmen served in the British forces during the war. 92 The number of Irish deaths in the British Army recorded by the registrar general was 27,405. 93 A significant number of these casualties were from what, in 1920, became northern Ireland.
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The estimates of czechoslovak deaths within 1991 borders were isnt made by a russian barber historian in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century. Total dead 185,000: including military losses 110,000 with the austro-hungarian forces and pow deaths in captivity of 45,000. Civilian dead due to famine and disease were 30,000. 87 The czechoslovak legions fought with the armies of the Allies during the war. Austrian memorial commemorating soldiers from the village of Obermillstatt who died in World War. Estonia was part of the russian Empire during the war and about 100,000 Estonians served in the russian Army.
Of them about 10,000 were killed. finland was an autonomous Grand Duchy in the russian Empire until the end of 1917. In 1924 the finnish government in a reply to a questionnaire from the International Labour Office, an agency of the league of Nations, reported 26,517 were dead and missing in World War. 46 The following estimates of deaths, within contemporary borders, during World War I were made by a russian historian Vadim Erlikman in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century. Erlikman's estimates are based on sources published in the soviet Union and Russia. 89 Algeria (1914 known as French Algeria ) : 26,000 vietnam (1914 known as French Indochina ) : 12,000 Mali (1914 part of French West Africa ) : 60,000 Morocco (1914 known as the French protectorate of Morocco ) : 8,000 Senegal (1914 part. 90 Tanzania (1914 part of German East Africa ) : 50,000 Namibia (1914 known as German south-West Africa ) : 1,000 Cameroon (1914 known as Kamerun ) : 5,000 military and 50,000 civilian Togo (1914 known as German Togoland ) : 2,000 Rwanda (1914 part.
They noted that Erlikman's figures are based on the work of the russian demographer Boris Urlanis, they noted that these estimates were "imprecise" and "could be used to provide a frame of reference for further inquiry". 28 The Oxford History of World War One notes that "In east and central Africa the harshness of the war resulted in acute shortages of food with famine in some areas, a weakening of populations, and epidemic diseases which killed hundreds of thousands of people. Total dead 175,000: including military losses 120,000 with the austro-hungarian forces and pow deaths in captivity of 30,000. Civilian dead due to famine and disease were 25,000. 83 The following estimates of Belarusian deaths, within contemporary borders, were made by a russian historian in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century.
Total dead 130,000: including military losses 70,000 with the russian forces. Civilian dead were 60,000. 84 The following estimates of Ukrainian deaths, within contemporary borders, were made by a russian historian in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century. Total dead 590,000: including military losses 450,000 Erlikman did not break out military losses between Austro-hungarian and Russian armed forces). Civilian dead were 140,000. 85 The belgian Congo was part of the kingdom of Belgium during the war. A russian historian Vadim Erlikman in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century based on sources published in the soviet Union and Russia estimated a total of 155,000 deaths in the belgian Congo during the war. 86 czechoslovakia was part of Austro-hungary during the war.
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46 1,180.08 — sweden.6 800. 46 800.02 — grand total 959.7 8,042,189 8,573,054 to 10,824,236 2,250,099 5,411,000 to 6,100,000 15,486,153 to 19,174,335.69.89 22,101,100 to 23,665,873 The source of population data is: haythornthwaite, philip., The world War One source book. Casualties by post-war (1924) borders edit europe 19 The war involved multi-ethnic empires such as Great Britain, France, germany, russia, austria-hungary and Turkey. Many ethnic groups in these territories were conscripted for military service. The casualties listed by modern borders are also included in the above table of figures for the countries that existed in 1914. The casualty figures by 1924 post war borders are rough estimates by russian historian you Vadim Erlikman in a 2004 handbook of human losses in the 20th century, the sources of his figures were published in the soviet era and in post-soviet Russia. 81 According to the Online Encyclopedia "In addition to losses suffered by African military personnel and the laborers supporting their operations, very large, but unknown numbers of African civilians perished during the war." They made an estimate of civilian losses in Africa of 750,000 based.
The figures do not include deaths during the russian civil War and the turkish War of Independence. Casualties in the borders of 191418 edit ( when the number of deaths in a country is disputed, a range of war losses is given ) ( sources and details of figures are provided in the footnotes ) Nation Population (millions) Combat deaths and Missing. 750,000 Belgium.4 38,170 38,170 to 58,637 23,700 31 62,870 to 144,337.67.95 44,686 homework 33 France.6 1,150,357,000 36 to 1,397,800 37 40,000 32 1,697,000 to 1,737,800.29.39 4,266,000 33 Greece.8 5,000 40 5,000 40 to 26,000 to 176,000.23. To 4, to 4,661 0. Montenegro.5 3,000 33 3,000 33 to 13,325 46 3,000 to 13,325.6.67 10,000 33 Portugal.0 7,222 7,000 48 89,235.49 13,751 Romania.5 335,000 46 to 335,000 to 665,706.73.88 120,000 33 Russian Empire 175.1 1,700,700,000 33 to 2,254,000. 72 to 763,000 73 2,198,420 to 2,800,720.39.32 4,215,662 69 Ottoman Empire.3 305,000 33 to 771,844 76 1,500,000. 77 1,000,000 78 2,825,000 to 3,271,844.26.36 400,000 33 to 763,753 76 Total (Central Powers) 142.1 3,208,785 3,386,200 to 4,390,544 1,620,720 1,991,000 to 2,330,000 6,997,920 to 8,341,264.92.87 8,388,052 to 8,751,805 neutral nations Denmark.03 — luxembourg.3 see footnote norway.
Great Britain as well as France, italy, belgium, germany, austria and Russia. More recently the research of the commonwealth War Graves Commission (cwgc) has revised the military casualty statistics of the uk and its allies; they include in their listing of military war dead personnel outside of combat theaters and civilians recruited from Africa, the middle east. The casualties of these support personnel recruited outside of Europe were previously not included with British war dead, however the casualties of the labour Corps recruited from the British Isles were included in the rolls of British war dead published in 1921. 14 The methodology used by each nation to record and classify casualties was not uniform, a general caveat regarding casualty figures is that they cannot be considered comparable in all cases. 15 First World War civilian deaths are "hazardous to estimate" according to michael Clodfelter who maintains that "the generally accepted figure of noncombatant deaths.5 million." 16 The figures listed below include about 6 million excess civilian deaths due to war related privations, that. The war brought about malnutrition and disease caused by the u-boat Campaign and the Blockade of Germany which disrupted trade resulting in food shortages. The civilian deaths in the Ottoman Empire include the Armenian Genocide, assyrian Genocide, and Greek genocide. Civilian deaths due to the Spanish flu have been excluded from these figures, whenever possible.
About two-thirds of essay military deaths in World War I were in battle, unlike the conflicts that took place in the 19th century when the majority of deaths were due to disease. Nevertheless, disease, including the 1918 flu pandemic and deaths while held as prisoners of war, still caused about one third of total military deaths for all belligerents. Contents, classification of casualty statistics edit, douaumont French military cemetery seen from. Douaumont ossuary, which contains remains of French and German soldiers who died during the. Battle of Verdun in 1916, casualty statistics for World War i vary to a great extent; estimates of total deaths range from 9 million to over 15 million. 1, military casualties reported in official sources list deaths due to all causes, including an estimated 7 to 8 million combat related deaths (killed or died of wounds) and another two to three million military deaths caused by accidents, disease and deaths while prisoners. Official government reports listing casualty statistics were published by the United States and Great Britain.
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British and German wounded, bernafay wood, Photo. Ernest Brooks, the total number of military and civilian casualties in, world War I was more than 41 million: there were over 18 million deaths and 23 million wounded, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history. The total number of deaths includes from 9 to 11 million military personnel and about 5 to 6 million civilians. The, triple Entente (also known as the, allies ) lost about 6 million military personnel while the. Central Powers lost about 4 million. At least 2 million died from diseases and 6 million went missing, presumed dead. This article lists the casualties of the belligerent powers based on official published sources.