Then, vijayakama deva, the son of laksmikama, became the nepalese king. Vijaykama deva was the last ruler of this dynasty. He introduced the worship dream of the "Naga" and "Vasuki". After his death, the Thakuri clan of Nuwakot occupied the throne of Nepal. Nuwakot Thakuri kings edit Bhaskara deva, a thakuri from Nuwakot, succeeded Vijayakama deva and established Nuwakot-Thakuri rule. He is said to have built navabahal and Hemavarna vihara. After Bhaskara deva, four kings of this line ruled over the country. They were bala deva, padma deva, nagarjuna deva and Shankara deva. Shankara deva (10671080 CE) was the most illustrious ruler of this dynasty.
During his rule, a big wooden house was built out of one single tree which was called 'kasthamandapa from which the name of the capital, 'kathmandu is derived. Gunakama deva founded a town called Kantipur, the modern Kathmandu. It was also gunakama deva who started the 'indra jatra' festival. He repaired the temple twist that lies to the northern part of the temple of Pashupatinath. He introduced Krishna jatra and lakhe jatra as well. He also performed Kotihoma. Successors of Gunakama dev edit Bhola deva succeeded Gunakama deva. The next ruler was Laxmikama deva who ruled from 1024 to 1040. He built laksmi vihara and introduced the custom of worshipping a virgin girl as 'kumari'.
The son of Harisingh dev, jagatsingh dev married the widow princess of Bhaktapur nayak devi. 14 citation needed Thakuri dynasty edit rule of the Thakuri kings edit The Thakuri dynasty was a rajput Dynasty. After Aramudi, who is mentioned in the kashmirian chronicle, the rajatarangini of Kalhana (1150 ce many Thakuri kings ruled over parts of the country up to the middle of the 12th century. Raghava deva is said to have founded a ruling dynasty in 879 ce, when the lichhavi rule came to an end. To commemorate this important event, raghu deva started the 'nepal Era' which began on 20 October, 879. After Amshuvarma, who ruled from 605 ce onward; the Thakuris had lost power and they could regain it only in 869. Gunakama deva edit After the death of King Raghava dev, many Thakuri kings ruled southern Nepal up to the middle of the 12th century. During that period, gunakama deva was one of the famous kings. He ruled from 949 to 994.
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The context that 'suryavansi Kshetriyas had established new regime by defeating the kirats' can be found in some genealogies and Puranas. It has been writing written in Gopal genealogy that 'then, defeating the kirat King with the impact of Suryavanshi, lichhavi dynasty was write established in Nepal'. Likewise, it has been written in Pashupati purana that 'the masters of vaishali established their own regime by confiding Kiratis with sweet words and defeating them in war. Similar contexts can be also found in 'himbatkhanda'. That purana also mention that 'the masters of vaishali had started ruling in Nepal by defeating Kirats'. In this way, lichhavi's regime seems to have started in Nepal subsequently after the regime of Kirats. However, different genealogies have found to be stating different names of last Kirati king.
The lichhavi monarchical dynasty was established in Nepal by defeating last Kirati king 'Khigu according to gopal genealogy, 'galiz' according to language-genealogy and 'gasti according to Wright genealogy. 12 Simroun Dynasty edit The simroun, karnat or dev dynasty originated with an establishment of a kingdom in 1097 ce headquartered at present day simroungarh in Bara district. The kingdom controlled the areas we today know as Tirhoot or Mithila in Nepal and Bihar of India. The rulers of Simroungarh are as follows: Nanya dev ce ganga dev ce narsingh dev ce ramsingh dev ce shaktisingh dev ce harisingh dev ce 13 In 1324 ce, ghiyasuddin Tughlaq attacked Simroungarh and demolished the fort. The remains are still scattered all over the simroungarh region. The king fled northwards into the then Nepal.
Hodgson in 1847 the earliest inhabitants of Nepal were probably the kusunda people and were probably of Proto-australoid origin. 7 dubious discuss legends and ancient times edit very little is known about the early history of Nepal, legends and documented references reach far back to the 30th century bc: 8 Also, the presence of historical sites,. G., valmiki ashram, indicates the presence of Sanatana (ancient) Hindu culture in parts of Nepal at that period. According to some legendary accounts in the chronicles, the successors of ne were the gopālavaṃśi/ gopal bansa or "Cowherd family" are said to have ruled for some 491 years. They are said to have been followed by the mahaiṣapālavaṃśa or "Buffalo-herder Dynasty established by a rajput named Bhul Singh.
9 Kirat Dynasty edit The context of Kirats ruling in Nepal before licchavi dynasty and after Mahispal or avir Dynasty can be found in different manuscripts. Mentioning the area between Sun Kosi and Tama kosi as their native land, the list of Kirati kings is also given in the gopal genealogy. By defeating the last king of avir Dynasty Bhuwansingh in a battle, kirati king Yalung or Yalamber had taken the regime of valley under his control. In Hindu mythological perspective, this event is believed to have taken place in the final phase of Dwaparyug or initial phase of Kaliyug or around the 6th century. We can find descriptions of 32, 28 and 29 Kirati kings according in Gopal genealogy, language-genealogy and Wright genealogy respectively. 10 by means of the notices contained in the classics of the east and West, we are assured that Kiranti people was forth-coming in their present abode from 2000 to 2500 years back, and that their powers was great and their dominion extensive, reaching possibly. 11 Licchavi dynasty edit The kings of Lichhavi dynasty (originated from vaishali of modern Bihar of India) have been found to rule nepal after the kirat monarchical dynasty.
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Pāla means "protector" or "taking care so nepal reflected the name of the sage who took care of the place, according to nepali scholar Rishikesh Shaha. 1 2 3 Early ages edit Prehistory edit Prehistoric site of palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic have been discovered in the siwalik hills of Dang District. 4 The earliest inhabitants of Nepal and adjoining areas were people from the Indus Valley civilization. The Dravidian people whose history predates the onset of the Bronze age in south Asia (around 3300 trunk bc before the coming of other ethnic groups like the tibeto-burmans and Indo-Aryans from across the border. 5 Tharus, people of mixed Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic features are the forest-dwelling natives of the cental Terai region of Nepal. The kirat people arrived from Tibet citation needed some 2000 years ago and lived in northern Nepal. Other ethnic groups of Indo-Aryan origin later migrated to southern part of Nepal from India. Citation needed From the ancient records Nepal was originally inhabited by the mongoloid people. Dubious discuss 6 According.
from Tibet, where they herded sheep and produced wool. In Tibetan, ne means "wool" and pal means "house". Thus, nepal is "house of wool". 1 A popular theory is that Lepcha people used the words ne holy and pal cave and thus Nepal to describe a "holy cave". 1 According to buddhist legend, the deity manjusri drained the water from Nagadaha (a mythical lake that is believed to have filled the kathmandu valley). The valley became inhabitable and was ruled by Bhumigupta, a cow-herder, who took advice from a sage named "Ne".
Nepal became a federal republic and was formally renamed the 'federal Democratic Republic of Nepal' ending the 200 year old. Contents, toponymy edit, in an Licchavi-era inscription found in Tistung, the local people have been addressed are the 'nepals'. Experts are of the opinion that some or all of the inhabitants of Nepal in the ancient period were resume likely called 'nepals which meant that the word 'nepal' was used to refer to both the land and its population. These nepals are considered the progenitors of modern-day newars. The terms 'nepal' and 'newar' are variations of the same term. Other variants found in medieval texts are 'nepar' and 'newal'. The derivation of the word Nepal is also the subject of a number of other theories: Nep are the people that used to be cow herders ( gopal ) who came to the nepal valley from the. Ganges Plain of modern-day india. Combining the two words yields.
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The history of Nepal has been influenced by its position in the. Himalaya and its two neighbours, modern day. It is a multi-ethnic, multiracial, multicultural, multi-religious, and multilingual country. The most spoken language of Nepal. Nepali followed by several other ethnic languages. Nepal experienced a struggle for democracy at times in the book 20th century and early 21st century. During the 1990s and until 2008, the country was in a civil strife. A peace treaty was signed in 2006 and elections were held in the same year. In a historical vote for the election of the constituent assembly, nepalese parliament voted to oust the monarchy in June 2006.