Modi entered his first-ever electoral contest in a february 2002 by-election that won him a seat in the gujarat state assembly. Modis political career thereafter remained a mixture of deep controversy and self-promoted achievements. His role as chief minister during communal riots that engulfed Gujarat in 2002 was particularly questioned. He was accused of condoning the violence or, at least, of doing little to stop the killing of more than 1,000 people, mostly muslims, that ensued after dozens of Hindu passengers died when their train was set on fire in the city. In 2005 the, united States declined to issue him a diplomatic visa on the grounds that he was responsible for the 2002 riots, and the United Kingdom also criticized his role in 2002. Although in the succeeding years Modi himself escaped any plan indictment or censure—either by the judiciary or by investigative agencies—some of his close associates were found guilty of complicity in the 2002 events and received lengthy jail sentences. Modis administration was also accused of involvement in extrajudicial killings (variously termed encounters or fake encounters) by police or other authorities. One such case, in 2004, involved the deaths of a woman and three men whom officials said were members of Lashkar-e-taiba (a pakistan-based terrorist organization that was involved in the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks ) and were alleged to have been plotting to assassinate modi. Modis repeated political success in Gujarat, however, made him an indispensable leader within the bjp hierarchy and led to his reintegration into the political mainstream.
Modi joined the bjp in 1987, and a year later he was made the general secretary of the gujarat branch of the party. He was instrumental in greatly strengthening the partys presence in the state in succeeding years. In 1990 Modi was one of the bjp members who participated in a coalition government in the state, and he helped the bjp achieve success in the 1995 state legislative assembly elections that in March allowed the party to form the first-ever bjp-controlled government. The bjps control of the state government was relatively short-lived, however, ending in September 1996. In 1995 Modi was made the secretary of the bjps national organization. New Delhi, and three years later he was appointed its general secretary. He remained in that office for another three years, but in October 2001 he replaced the incumbent Gujarat chief minister, fellow bjp member Keshubhai patel, after Patel had been held responsible for the state governments poor response in the aftermath of the massive. Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat earlier that year that killed more than 20,000 people.
Narendra, modi, biography in Hindi
Azad Hind fauj crossed the burma border, and stood on Indian soil on March 18,1944. However, defeat of Japan and Germany in and the second World War forced ina to retreat and it could not achieve its objective. Subhas Chandra bose was reportedly killed in an air crash over taipeh, taiwan (Formosa) on August 18, 1945. Though it is widely believed that he buffalo was still alive after the air crash not much information could be found about him. Narendra modi, in full, narendra damodardas Modi, (born September 17, 1950, vadnagar, India indian politician and government official who rose to become a senior leader of the. Bharatiya janata party (BJP). In 2014 he led his party to victory in elections to the.
Lok sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament after which he was sworn in as prime minister of, india. Prior to that he had served (200114) as the chief minister (head of government). Gujarat state in western India. Modi was raised in a small town in northern Gujarat, and he completed. Degree in political science from Gujarat University in, ahmadabad. He joined the pro-hindu, rashtriya swayamsevak sangh (RSS) organization in the early 1970s and set up a unit of the rsss students wing, the akhil Bharatiya vidyarthi parishad, in his area. Modi rose steadily in the rss hierarchy, and his association with the organization significantly benefited his subsequent political career.
Pattabhi sitaramayya who had been backed by mahatma gandhi and the congress Working Committee. Clouds of World War ii were on the horizon and he brought a resolution to give the British six months to hand India over to the Indians, failing which there would be a revolt. There was much opposition to his rigid stand, and he resigned from the post of president and formed a progressive group known as the forward Block. Subhas Chandra bose now started a mass movement against utilizing Indian resources and men for the great war. There was a tremendous response to his call and he was put under house arrest in Calcutta.
In January 1941, subhas Chandra bose disappeared from his home in Calcutta and reached Germany via afghanistan. Working on the maxim that "an enemy's enemy is a friend he sought cooperation of Germany and Japan against British Empire. In January 1942, he began his regular broadcasts from Radio berlin, which aroused tremendous enthusiasm in India. In July 1943, he arrived in Singapore from Germany. In Singapore he took over the reins of the Indian Independence movement in East Asia from Rash Behari bose and organised the azad Hind fauj (Indian National Army) comprising mainly of Indian prisoners of war. He was hailed as Netaji by the Army as well as by the Indian civilian population in East Asia. Azad Hind fauj proceeded towards India to liberate it from British rule. Enroute it lliberated Andeman and Nicobar Islands. Head quarters was shifted to rangoon in January 1944.
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Subash Chandra bose essay was soon arrested again under the infamous Bengal. After a year he was released on medical grounds and was banished from India to europe. He took steps to establish centres in different European capitals with a view to promoting politico-cultural contacts between India and Europe. Defying the ban on his entry to India, subash Chandra bose returned to India and was again arrested and jailed for a year. After the general Elections of 1937, congress came to power in seven states and Subash Chandra bose was released. Shortly afterwards he was elected President of the haripura congress Session in 1938. During his term as Congress President, he talked of planning in concrete terms, and set up a national planning Committee in October that year. At the end of his first term, the presidential election to the Tripuri congress session took place early 1939. Subhas Chandra bose was re-elected, defeating.
Chittaranjan Das, whom he later acknowledged his political guru. Soon he showed his leadership mettle and gained his way up in the congress' hierarchy. In 1928 the motilal Nehru kerajaan committee appointed by the congress declared in favour of Domination Status, but Subhas Chandra bose along with Jawaharlal Nehru opposed it, and both asserted that they would be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence for India. Subhas also announced the formation of the Independence league. Bose was jailed during civil Disobedience movement in 1930. He was released in 1931 after Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed. He protested against the gandhi-Irwin pact and opposed the suspension of civil. Disobedience movement specially when Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged.
Indian. Civil Service competitive examination in 1920, and came out fourth in order of merit. However, subhas Chandra bose was deeply disturbed by the. Jallianwalla bagh massacre, and left his civil Services apprenticeship midway to return to India in 1921. After returning to India netaji subhash Chandra bose came under the influence of Mahatma gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress. Gandhiji's instructions, he started working under Deshbandhu.
He has been denied his rightful place in the annals of Indian history. He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind. Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India and came to acquire legendary status among Indian masses. Subhas Chandra bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, orissa. Janaki nath Bose was a famous lawyer and his mother Prabhavati devi was a pious and religious lady. Subhas Chandra bose was the ninth child among fourteen siblings. Subhas Chandra bose was a brilliant student right from the childhood. He topped the matriculation examination. Calcutta province and graduated paper with a first class in Philosophy from the Scottish Churches College in Calcutta.
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Here is a brief biography and history of Netaji. Read information on life of Indian freedom fighter. Netaji subhash Chandra bose. Born: January 23, 1897, died: August 18, 1945, achievements: Passed Indian civil Services Exam; elected. Congress President in 19; formed a new party All India. Forward block; organized azad Hind fauj to overthrow British Empire from. Subhas Chandra bose, affectionately called as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. Though Mahatma gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru have garnered much of the credit for successful culmination of Indian freedom struggle, the contribution of Subash. Chandra bose is no less.