W okresie jego essay rządów Indie stały się regionalnym hegemonem w rejonie azji południowej. Josipa Broz tity, sukarno i, gamala Abdel Nasera czołowa postać, ruchu państw niezaangażowanych. Pod przewodnictwem Nehru, kongres wygrał wybory w 1951, 1957 i 1962 roku. Początkowo szukał możliwości sojuszu z chinami, polityka ta była jednak stopniowo rewidowana na rzecz lepszych stosunków z zachodem, a pod koniec jego rządów miejsce miała wojna chińsko-indyjska. Po jego śmierci, jego politykę kontynuowała córka indira gandhi. Spis treści młodość edytuj edytuj kod pochodzenie, rodzina edytuj edytuj kod rodzina nehru w latach. Xix wieku urodził się 14 listopada 1889 roku w Allahabadzie w Indiach będących wówczas brytyjską kolonią.
Nowym Delhi ) indyjski polityk, przywódca socjalistycznego skrzydła, indyjskiego kongresu narodowego w okresie walki o niepodległość przeciwko dominacji brytyjskiej. 15 sierpnia 1947 został pierwszym premierem, indii, piastując tę funkcję aż do śmierci. Indiry gandhi (trzeciej premier Indii) i dziadek, rajiva gandhiego (szóstego premiera Indii). W 1929 roku po przeprowadzeniu przez indyjski kongres Narodowy kampanii na rzecz samostanowienia indii (z udziałem. Mahatmy gandhiego ) został przewodniczącym partii. Po wystąpieniu w 1942 roku z deklaracją essay niepodległości Indii wraz ze swoimi współpracownikami został aresztowany. Po wyjściu z więzienia brał udział w negocjacjach, których owocem było powstanie dwóch niezależnych państw Indii. Polityka nehru po objęciu stanowiska premiera opierała się na interwencjonizmie gospodarczym i uczestnictwie w ruchu niezaangażowania w okresie zimnej wojny. Jako przywódca Indii wprowadzał w życie zasady niezaangażowania, świeckości, utworzył w kraju wielopartyjną demokrację i ustanowił system republikański.
But Jawahar Lal Nehru couldn't improve india's relations with pakistan and China. The kashmir issue proved a stumbling block in reaching an accord with pakistan, and the border dispute prevented a resolution with China. The Chinese invasion in 1962, which Nehru failed to anticipate, came as a great blow to him and probably hastened his death. Jawaharlal Nehru died of a heart attack on may 27, 1964. Jawaharlal Nehru ( hindi :, javāharlāl Nehrū ( uproszczona wymowa pol. Dżewaherlal nehru zwany także, pandit nauczyciel ) Nehru (ur. 14 listopada 1889 w, allahabadzie,.
jawaharlal Nehru in Hindi
Nehru stayed out of the elections, but campaigned vigorously nationwide for the party. The congress formed governments in almost every province, and won the largest number of seats in the central Assembly. Nehru was elected to the congress presidency in 1936, 1937, and 1946, tree and came to occupy a position in the nationalist movement second only to that of Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested in 1942 during quit India movement. Released text in 1945, he took a leading part in the negotiations that culminated in the emergence of the dominions of India and pakistan in August 1947. In 1947, he becamethe first Prime minister of independent India. He effectively coped with the formidable challenges of those times: the disorders and mass exodus of minorities across the new border with pakistan, the integration of 500-odd princely states into the Indian Union, the framing of a new constitution, and the establishment of the political.
Jawaharlal Nehru played a key role in building modern India. He set up a planning Commission, encouraged development of science and technology, and launched three successive five-year plans. His policies led to a sizable growth in agricultural and industrial production. Nehru also played a major role in developing independent India's foreign policy. He called for liquidation of colonialism in Asia and Africa and along with Tito and Nasser, was one of the chief architects of the nonaligned movement. He played a constructive, mediatory role in bringing the korean War to an end and in resolving other international crises, such as those over the suez canal and the congo, offering India's services for conciliation and international policing. He contributed behind the scenes toward the solution of several other explosive issues, such as those of West Berlin, austria, and laos.
He used his tenure to expand public education, health care and sanitation. He resigned in 1926 citing lack of cooperation from civil servants and obstruction from British authorities. From 1926 to 1928, jawaharlal served as the general Secretary of the All India congress Committee. In 1928-29, the congress's annual session under President Motilal Nehru was held. During that session Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra bose backed a call for full political independence, while motilal Nehru and others wanted dominion status within the British Empire. To resolve the point, gandhi said that the British would be given two years to grant India dominion status.
If they did not, the congress would launch a national struggle for full, political independence. Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year. The British did not respond. In December 1929, congress's annual session was held in Lahore and Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the President of the congress Party. During that sessions a resolution demanding India's independence was passed and on January 26, 1930 in Lahore, jawaharlal Nehru unfurled free india's flag. Gandhiji gave a call for civil Disobedience movement in 1930. The movement was a great success and forced British government to acknowledge the need for major political reforms. When the British promulgated the government of India act 1935, the congress Party decided to contest elections.
Mohandas, gandhi biography - life, family, childhood
They now wore a khadi. Kurta and Gandhi cap. Jawaharlal Nehru took active part in the essay non. Cooperation movement ) and was arrested for the first time during the movement. He was released after few months. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Allahabad Municipal. Corporation in 1924, and served for two years as the city's chief executive. This proved to be a valuable administrative experience for stood him in good stead later on when he became the prime minister of the country.
in 1919. Mahatma gandhi had launched a campaign against Rowlatt Act. Nehru was instantly attracted to gandhi's commitment for active but peaceful, civil disobedience. Gandhi himself saw promise and India's future in the young Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehru family changed its family according to mahatma gandhi's teachings. Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and tastes for expensive possessions and pastimes.
Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on november 14, 1889. His father Motilal Nehru was a famous Allahabad based barrister. Jawaharlal Nehru's mother's name was Swaroop Rani. Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru. Motilal Nehru has three daughters apart from Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehrus were saraswat Brahmin of Kashmiri lineage. Jawaharlal Nehru received education in some of the finest schools and review universities of the world. He did his schooling from Harrow and completed his Law degree from Trinity college, cambridge. The seven years he spent in England widened his horizons and he acquired a rational and skeptical outlook and sampled Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism, which added to his own patriotic dedication.
Dalai lama - activist, religious Figure
Here is brief biography and history of Jawaharlal. Read Information on Pandit Jawaharlal wallpaper Nehru. Born: november 14, 1889, died: may 27, 1964, achievements: took active part in Non-cooperation movement; elected President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924, and served for two years as the city's chief executive; Presided over. Congress' annual session in Lahore in 1929 and passed a resolution demanding India's independence; elected as Congress President in 1936, 1937, and 1946; became first Prime minister of independent India; was one of the main architects of Non Aligned movement. Jawaharlal Nehru, also known as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He was the favourite disciple of Mahatma gandhi and later on went on to become the first. Prime minister of India. Jawahar Lal Nehru is widely regarded as the architect of modern India. He was very fond of children and children used to affectionately call him Chacha nehru.